Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an ecologically and cost sensitive multi-pronged approach to pest management. Drs. Ray Smith and Perry Adkisson were the recipients of the 1997 World Food Prize for their pioneering work in the field. IPM involves the simultaneous implementation of methods that control unwanted pest populations as opposed to eradicating them. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the four foundational principles of IPM include: 1) Set Action Thresholds After a thorough assessment of the affected area, an action threshold can be established. This benchmark or threshold is the point at which pest control management becomes necessary. Typically, at that stage the pests represent a hazardous condition toward people and property. 2) Monitor and Identify Pests IPM challenges the long-held assumption that every pest or weed is harmful. Certain organisms are harmless or even beneficial. Carefully monitoring the nature and extent of pest threats avoids the unnecessary heavy-handed use of synthetic pesticides and herbicides. 3) Prevention As with most things, one ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. IPM adherents proactively look for ways to prevent harmful pest infestation. Preventative methods usually have a negligible impact on the environment. In indoor spaces, this might mean checking for mold which often attracts carpenter ants. With gardens, crop rotation and using pest-free rootstock might tame pests. 4) Control If preventative strategies have proven ineffectual, staged pest controls can be implemented. Methods that are highly toxic and risky are least favored. Indiscriminate broadcast spraying is the strategy of last resort. The fourth foundational principle of control is of critical importance. There are several pest management tactical options that can be employed consistently with the tenets of IPM. There are essentially four types of controls. First, there are mechanical or physical controls. Such solutions include picking pests off plants and using pest resistant netting. Secondly, there are cultural controls. These controls include removing and storing debris properly and plucking diseased plants promptly. Thirdly, biological controls usually mean the augmentative introduction of natural pest predators. Lastly, chemical controls are pesticides and herbicides. Plant or natural substance derived pesticides are preferred, like nicotine, pyrethrum, and insect juvenile hormone analogues. Pest management companies have evolved. Our exterminators service Goldsboro, Fremont, Mar-Mac, Elroy, Mt Olive, Walnut Creek, New Hope, Pikeville, Rose Hill, Beulaville, Warsaw, Wallace, Teachey, Greenvers, Magnolia, Kenansville, and the surrounding areas. We can effectively control and mange pests in an ecologically sensitive way with negligible harm to surrounding plants and more importantly with no impact to humans.